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Terpenes Overview

Macro detail of cannabis flower

As the rise of cannabis use continues, it’s safe to say that there are certain terms that keep cropping up time and time again. One of which is terpenes. But what are they? And why do you need to know about them? Let’s take a look.

What Are Terpenes

Essentially, terpenes do not just refer to cannabis. They can be found on many, if not all, plants and even some insects. They contain a strong smell or fragrance that protects the plant by deterring potential threats looking for a snack.

Experts will refer to them as essential oils. Although this can traditionally be the case for a range of plants, in this instance, we’re referencing specifically about cannabis terpenes; the effect they have and the medical benefits, and how this impacts the taste.

The Effects Of Terpenes

In 2011, the neurologist Ethan Russo published a paper that detailed the effect of terpenes when combined with cannabinoids. For some time, it was thought that only THC was the psychoactive chemical worth knowing when it comes to marijuana.

However, Russo’s research highlighted just how terpenes can both increase and decrease the effects of THC in the body. To demonstrate, the ten most terpenes notable are listed below:

  • Limonene
  • Pinene
  • Myrcene
  • Linalool
  • Delta-3-Carene
  • Eucalyptol
  • Beta-Caryophyllene
  • Humulene
  • Borneol
  • Terpineol

The varying cannabis terpenes can have heightening effects. Out of the ten most popular terpenes found in cannabis, in terms of the heightening effect, it’s myrcene that stands out. It intensifies the potency of THC, encourages sedation, and has anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects.

Secondly, Limonene has been identified as an antidepressant. Furthermore, Beta-Caryophyllene, humulene, and pinene are all known for their anti-inflammatory effects.

The Medicinal Benefits of Terpenes

It’s important to realize that terpenes are medically beneficial. They are helpful to individuals seeking relief from pain or illness. Inflammation may also be relieved through the use of the right cannabis terpenes.

According to Russo’s aforementioned research, terpenes may also treat a number of medical issues such as anxiety and depression, addiction, cancer, and even bacterial infections. And thanks to the rise of essential oils, the benefits of cannabis terpenes have been brought to the general public’s attention.

The Flavor Of Cannabis Terpenes

The assorted terpenes provide unique smells and tastes. The aroma of the common Myrcene is earthy and herbal. Limonene (as you may expect) is citrusy. Pinene is (you guessed it) pine. And Linalool is floral, spicy, and a little citrusy too. Think about the flavor profiles you enjoy before deciding on which cannabis terpene to purchase.

Which Terpene Is Best?

That depends on the patient and preference. When self-remedying with marijuana, educate yourself on the best methods of consumption and the dosing correct for your condition.

Many patients and those who suffer from inflammation find that this terpene works best for them and their lifestyle. Myrcene has also been known to help with anxiety.

Terpinolene is another “stress-reducing” terpene that may assist with insomnia and other sleep disorders.

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